Is a Diverse Team More Successful?

By: Together Abroad 03-04-2017 1:05 PM
Categories: ** HR Diversity Management,

Western companies are more often aiming to recruit employees with different ¬nationalities, professional backgrounds, education etc., as well as trying to close the gender gap.Research shows that this is a good strategy, and that customers also prefer to be served by international companies. But is this approach valid for all the companies, and for all the units (teams) in a company?

According to the generally accepted findings on diversity, there are two types diversity:
- Surface level diversity, e.g. race, sex and age.
- Deep level diversity, e.g. personality traits, educational and functional background, values, general mental ability, emotional intelligence etc.

Research findings from Harrison (2013) explain that the influence of the perceived surface level diversity on a team’s performance diminishes within time, while the impact of the deep level diversity on a team’s performance grows. This is especiallytrue with high-performing, collaborative research teams,which consist of diverse members who are committed to common outcomes. But the interpersonal skills of team members (e.g. social sensitivity, emotional engagement) and team functioning (e.g. communication patterns) are also very important factors for the end performance of a diverse team (Cheruvelil et al., 2014).

Diversity can be effective in promoting team creativity, but the effectiveness depends on team members’ diversity beliefs and on the level of diversity present in the team. Depending on the task, educational and functional diversity can facilitate a team’s performance. Task conflict is likely to occur in cross-functional teams and such conflict may enhance performance. There is also a basis for expecting age variation to diminish emotional conflict. At the same time, race and tenure diversity may increase emotional conflict, especially in new groups with no routine tasks, but the effects of this surface level diversity can be diminished by time.

On every level in an organisation, if the work force has a similar background, the creative process that drives innovation and problem solving is similar. A new perspective that doesnot match this ‘group think’ is more likely to improve the business in a unique way.

Other literature reviews conclude that perceived self-to-team dissimilarity and perceived subgroup splits have been linked to negative effects for individuals and groups, whereas perceived group heterogeneity has been shown to exert both positive and negative effects on group outcomes. Similarly, other research suggests that cultural diversity leads to process losses through task conflict and decreased social integration, but to process gains through increased creativity and satisfaction.

In general, when making a diverse team, managers should be really careful in doing the analysis on the type of tasks of their teams, and evaluation of their performance. They shouldalso take into consideration the individual beliefs about diversity(both surface and deep level), as well as the personality traits and social skills,managers can then approach a selection of employees with different general mental abilities, backgrounds, nationalities, sex and other types of diversity.

Enriching an organisationwith different genders, races, and nationalities is key for boosting a company’s joint intellectual potential. Creating a more diverse workplace will help to keep team members’ biases in check and make them question their assumptions. At the same time, an organisation needs to have inclusive practices, so that everyone feels they can be heard. All of this can make teams smarter and, ultimately, make the organisation more successful, depending on its goals.

Sonja Vos Ralevska

Photo credit: Designed by Freepik

This article is restricted. You have to be logged in to be able to add further reactions.

Our Career programs assist you to Get hired

For an expat moving to the Netherlands, getting the right direction is very important. It's important that one knows which steps and direction to take. Linda is an exceptionally talent counselor, her advice has helped me land a job within a week of coming to the Netherlands. I am grateful for her mentoring and look forward to a great working relationship in the future.

Dr. Hrishiraj S | Clinical Research & Affairs Manager

Together Abroad provided expert advice on personal branding including developing a top-notch, market-aware CV, highly tailored job applications, and approach strategies with potential employers in the Netherlands. Furthermore, I found them be highly knowledgeable in key related fields such as recruitment strategy, immigration law, contracts, labor agreements, and (un)employment benefits. I would recommend Together Abroad to anyone who needs professional help with transitioning to a new career.

A. Aboufirass | Structural Engeer

Linda is a big mind. She thinks about things that the rest normally overlook. The insight she has about the dutch job market can only be achieved through years of experience and persistence.

Her business savvy is complemented by her mastery of understanding the client's needs and requirements. For my career I could say, she was the “Mary Poppins”, who guided me through thick and thin and helped me to land a career in the Netherlands

S. Bhattacharjee | FP&A Manager

If you are going to enlist the services of a "Career Coach" look no further. The only person you want in your corner is Linda van Orsouw. As an expat, you absolutely want to work with a highly skilled and knowledgeable professional who knows their way around the Dutch career/employment/job market. Linda assisted me in writing and positioning my CV, helped me organize and prioritize my list of opportunities, coached me through mock interviews and was there when I got offered a senior position only 2 months later. When asked I will only refer to Linda and "Togetherabroad".

Mr. C. Joubert
Lead Workplace Strategy Consultant 


New item